Country and regional profiles of volcanism
Country and regional profiles of volcanism were developed as part of the GVM/IAVCEI contribution to the UNISDR’s Global Assessment Report 2015 (GAR15). These were presented as a background paper to the GAR15 and further developed as an appendix to the GVM/IAVCEI eBook Global Volcanic Hazards and Risk. Data from within these profiles was drawn upon to conduct the global assessments of hazard and risk. These profiles provide a resource for the relative analysis of volcanic hazard and risk around the world on the basis of regions and countries with volcanoes that have been active in the last 10,000 years.
Global information can mask the fact that there are great variations between countries with active volcanoes in terms of the number of volcanoes, knowledge about these volcanoes and their hazards, and current capacity to monitor them. Volcanic hazards are, with the exception of ash hazard, typically localised to the vicinity of a volcano and thus dedicated volcano observatories play an important role in disaster risk reduction. Country profiles enable the volcanic threat to be evaluated for each country independently. In many respects these profiles reconfigure existing information from diverse sources in a single place as a portrait of volcanic hazard and risk in each country. Knowledge gaps are identified, and current monitoring arrangements described.
We present all profiles here for download. These profiles are designed to be a dynamic and sustainable resource, and will be updated periodically to reflect relevant changes. We would welcome any input on the development of the country profiles and the data within them. Please contact Sarah Brown.
Please cite: Brown, S.K., Sparks, R.S.J., Mee, K., Vye-Brown, C., Ilyinskaya, E., Jenkins, S.F. and Loughlin, S.C. (2015) Country and regional profiles of volcanic hazard and risk. In: S.C. Loughlin, R.S.J. Sparks, S.K. Brown, S.F. Jenkins & C. Vye-Brown (eds) Global Volcanic Hazards and Risk, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
|Regional profiles||Country profiles within region|
|Region 1 Mediterranean and West Asia||Armenia; Azerbaijan; France; Georgia; Germany; Greece; Italy; Spain; Turkey.|
|Region 2 Africa and Red Sea||Algeria; Cameroon; Chad; Democratic Republic of Congo; Djibouti; Equatorial Guinea; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Kenya; Libya; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Rwanda; Sao Tome and Principe; Sudan; Tanzania; Uganda.|
|Region 3 Middle East and Indian Ocean||Afghanistan; Comoros; France-Indian Ocean Islands; Iran; Madagascar; Pakistan; Saudi Arabia; South Africa; Syria; Yemen.|
|Region 4 New Zealand to Fiji||Fiji; New Zealand; Samoa; USA-American Samoa; Tonga.|
|Region 5 Melanesia and Australia||Australia; Papua New Guinea; Solomon Islands; Vanuatu.|
|Region 6 Indonesia||India; Indonesia; Malaysia.|
|Region 7 Philippines and SE Asia||Myanmar; Philippines; Vietnam.|
|Region 8 Japan, Taiwan and Marianas||Japan; Taiwan; USA-Marianas Islands.|
|Region 9 Kurile Islands||Kuril Islands.|
|Region 10 Kamchatka and Mainland Asia||China; Democratic People's Republic of Korea; Mongolia; Republic of Korea; Russia.|
|Region 11 Alaska||Alaska.|
|Region 12 Canada and Western USA||Canada; USA-Contiguous States.|
|Region 13 Hawaii and Pacific Ocean||France- Pacific Islands; USA-Hawaii; USA-Pacific-Other.|
|Region 14 Mexico and Central America||Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama.|
|Region 15 South America||Argentina; Bolivia; Chile; Colombia; Ecuador; Galapagos Islands; Peru.|
|Region 16 West Indies||Dominica; France-Guadeloupe and Martinique; Grenada; Netherlands Antilles; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and the Grenadines; UK-Montserrat.|
|Region 17 Iceland and Arctic Ocean||Iceland; Norway.|
|Region 18 Atlantic Ocean||Brazil; Cape Verde; Portugal-Azores; Spain-Canary Islands; UK-Tristan da Cunha, Nightingale Island, Ascension.|
|Region 19 Antarctica||Antarctica.|