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Aims and Objectives


El HierroThis project aims to develop a major international collaboration to create a Global Volcano Model (GVM) that provides systematic evidence, data and analysis of volcanic hazards and risk. The GVM project addresses hazards and risks on global, regional and local scales, and develops the capability to anticipate future volcanism and its consequences.

The project builds on initiatives over the last several years to establish a global database of volcanic hazards (VOGRIPA) and to develop analysis and modelling tools to assess volcanic hazard and risk. The GVM project also complements and interfaces with other major international initiatives, notably including the Global Volcanism Progamme of the Smithsonian Institution, WOVOdat (a database on precursors to volcanic eruptions), VHub (a US-led effort to develop an online collaborative environment for volcanology research and risk mitigation, including the development of more effective volcanic hazards models), the Volcano Observatory Best Practices Programme and the International Volcanic Health Hazards Network.

The GVM project has parallels with the Global Earthquake Model in intention and scope of providing an authoritative source for assessing volcanic hazard and risk. There is a strong international consensus that GVM is an essential and timely undertaking. This project, which is within the natural hazards theme of NERC’s strategy, provides a unique opportunity for the UK to play a leading role in a major international effort to address volcanic hazard and risk.


The GVM project will:

  • create an integrated database system of volcanic hazards, vulnerability and exposure and develop internationally agreed metadata standards
  • make this system globally accessible
  • design, develop and maintain the system
  • establish methodologies for analysis of the data (eg vulnerability indices) to inform risk assessment
  • develop complementary hazards models
  • create relevant hazards and risk assessment tools, and
  • maintain a strong, long-lasting GVM community


The GVM network will work principally through holding workshops and secondments of staff and
students, supplemented by mainly virtual meetings and online collaboration via The first
project meeting and subsequent workshop will seek agreement on database content, database
architecture, standards, protocols, definitions, methodologies and critically, division of labour between
the partners. Exchanges and secondments will allow partners to work closely together to develop the
data, methodologies of analysis, write papers together where novel research results emerge, and to
develop the outreach side of the project.

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